1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

he belongs to a certain group of the population (12%)2

that has an innate program to think and

value in very different manner than other personality types and, unlike other types, want to reach

self actualization. Often,a type will not realize that they don't share the same, natural, cognitive

dexterity as other types. Maslow applied how he viewed the world in terms of his own personality

(which is biological in nature), to his theory of human behavior. From this, we see how his theory

was derived. We understand perspective in terms of the individual by way of personality as well as

the personalities that make up our society, i.e. their psychology. Not only can we better understand

a philosopher but by applying psychological knowledge of personality to society and the

individual, we canprove or disprove a philosopher's theory. With this introduction to perspective

and the importance of understanding the psychology of personality, we can now proceed to make

an analysis of the philosophy of Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill. I am going to make use of

the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator when discussing personality and I am making the assumption that

the reader is familiar with this psychological tool for determining personality typology. (I want to

note from the beginning that Mill believed that human personality depended solely on

environmental factors. It has been proved in the last few decades of psychology that this is not so.

Human personality depends both on environmental and biological variables. I will not venture to

give proof of this, as others have written and proved this.)

II. Introduction: Kant, Mill, and Intelligence

The great philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, Kant, and Mill make as a requirement

the hi, well rounded, intelligence of an individual to be moral, and it is something that I want to

discuss. The above mentioned philosophers are all NT's, i.e., as part of their personality, they

highly value logic, rationality, objectivity, and are utilitarian in nature (that is in how they think,

not necessarily Utilitarian philosophy)3. To these men, as to most of "The Grand Theorizers," their

main motivation was the attainment and understanding of knowledge, not particulars, but theories

IMAGE imgs/MBTI©KantandMill01.gif
2The four temperaments are found in different percentages which are constant throughout the worlds population. NFs=12%, NTs=12%, SPs=38%, SJs=38% (Keirsey, 1984).

3Refer to footnote 1, second paragraph on the INTP. NT is the temperament, but the type is similar and more reflective of most philosophers and "grand theorizers;" i.e. INTPs are found most in "any pursuit requiring the architecture of ideas" (Keirsey 1984, pg. 187), these most often being philosophy and the sciences.