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universal, only to obtain that which is prudent and practical. Thus, while the categorical imperative

is objective and universal, the hypothetical imperative is subjective. It is a method in which we try

to attain an end such as happiness, which is subjective (everyone has a different concept of

happiness, regardless of whether all desire it). The hypothetical imperative includes the ability to lie

under certain circumstances when it is prudent. The hypothetical imperative also exerts heteronomy

of the will, in that the will is following desire which is dictating to the will what to do. The

categorical imperative requires the autonomy of the will, as the categorical imperative requires that

we make choices to follow universal laws, i.e. we are not doing something because we will get

something else.

All the above require rationality, and Kant emphasizes the importance of rationality in being

moral by calling moral beings "rational beings." To find what is moral through the categorical

imperative requires reason and logic and for the consequences of an action for be thoroughly

thought through. This requires that a rational being have a certain set of similar characteristics. A

rational being must firstly be rational, logical, and objective, not led about by desire and moral

feeling. He must also be introspective in order that he recognize that an act must be thought

through to determine whether or not it is moral. This requires a certain degree of "hyper-

consciousness." By hyper-conscious, I refer to the state of consciousness deeper than that of

awareness of one's mere existence, but awareness of one's motivations--constant introspection,

thought, and questioning of ones's actions and notions, and the constant asking of why, not only

about one's self but about all that one encounters in their lifetime. Intuition is also a requirement of

the rational being, as he must be able to make connections. It also requires that the rational being

try to be objective and consider many possible courses of actions. Finally, a rational being must

have a certain degree of high intelligence (IQ) in order for what he reasons to be moral, correct,

and veridical. To be a rational being requires not only the innate ability to be rational,

introspective/hyper-conscious, andintuitive, but it requires a certain degree of intellectual and

psychological intelligence that allows the individual to make use of the above qualities by being

able to make connections and to relate (a requisite of this is that the rational being must be educated

and desire knowledge). By psychological intelligence I refer to the ability to understand people's

behavior, motivations, etc. and to be able to relate to them. Intellectual intelligence can be defined

as a general ability to have competence in most areas of thought (math-philosophy) especially the