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that this is only due to the fact that they have no experience of pleasure of the mind. Do we really

want only to be as good as animals or do we want to make use of our higher faculties and bring

about greater happiness? To not do so, to not bring about our greatest happiness is immoral. From

the above quotations, we can see that Mill highly values intelligence in order that individuals and

society may best know what is moral and how to bring forth the greatest quantity and quality of

happiness--i.e. one needs intelligence to be a moral judge.

"Next to selfishness, the principle cause which makes life unsatisfactory is want of mental cultivation. A cultivated mind--I do not mean that of a philosopher, but any mind to which the fountains of knowledge have been opened, and which has been taught, in any tolerable degree, to exercise its faculties--finds sources of inexhaustible interest in all that surround it: in the objects of nature, the achievements of art, the imaginations of poetry , the incidents of history, the ways of mankind, past, present, and their prospects in the future. . . The present wretched education and wretched social arrangements are the only real hindrance to its being attainable by almost all" (Mill 1979, pg. 13).

Spoken like a true NT5and with the ideal of the moral man in his own self image. In all the

above quotations of Mill we find continuous reference to intelligences, pleasure of the mind, desire

for knowledge, and the cultivation of the mind. Like Kant, Mill has fallen into the trap of

perspective. In order to experience the fullest happiness and to be the most moral, we find that Mill

has created the need for individuals like himself (like most philosophers, probably an INTP), those

who value intellectual pleasures of the mind over those of animal pleasures such as money and


(Keirsey 1998, pg. 207). Thus, we find in the case of Mill (like that of Kant), perspective

infiltrating, unknowingly, into his philosophy. Mill's personality, which he regards a product of

environment, and for which he has no psychological knowledge of why it is the way it is,

automatically has assumed that all individuals think and value the way he does--or can. With this

in mind, we understand why Mill valued so much the cultivation of the mind, intelligence, and

pleasures of the mind. Had he been a different personality type, it is reasonable to assume that Mill

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