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immorality, it is the intention. Did I act or not act out of moral duty? The S.S. officer of Nazi
Germany is guilty of his immoral crimes precisely because he followed immoral orders. By not
protesting the immorality of his orders the S.S. officer is immoral. I am not accountable for the
actions of my government, but I do have the responsibility, an obligation or duty, to do what is
moral even in the face of adversity and low probability of success. I may not be able directly affect
my lawmakers but I can write letters, write letters, and I can protest what is immoral and preach
what is moral--and I must. Dostoyevsky's Ridiculous Man, mocked for his vision of morality--a
paradise where "the key phrase is 'love others as you lover yourself'"
cried out "All right, suppose it never happens, let's say paradise will never come about! I know
myself it won't--yet I'll still go on preaching."